A Brief Introduction to Guangzhou Branch, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Guangzhou Branch, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS ) was established in December, 1958, after a preparation period began in 1956. However, it was merged, together with Wuhan Branch, into Central-south China Branch of the CAS in 1961. Then, Guangzhou Branch was reestablished in May 1978, after the dismissal of Central-South China Branch in 1969.
Guangzhou Branch is an agency of the headquarter of CAS. It is in charge of linking institutions of the CAS in Guangdong Province, i.e., South China Sea Institute of Oceanography, South China Botanical Garden, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health, Guangzhou Chemistry Co. Limited, as well as Guangzhou Electronic Technology Co. Limited, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture in Hunan Province , and Institute of Deep Sea Science and Engineering in Hainan Province.
Besides, 3 unincorporated units are also supported by the Branch, namely, Guangzhou CAS Institute of Industrial Technology, CAS Innovation and Culture Centre for Cloud Computing Industry Technology, and Foshan CAS Institute of Industry Technology. And, 4 National major S&T infrastructure projects, e.g., China Spallation Neutron Source Project and Jiangmen Neutrinos Experiment Project, are under construction or preparation.
By the end of 2017, Guangzhou Branch had a total staff of 4538. Of the total , 3239 are scientists and technicians, including 2 CAS Academicians, 3 CAE Academicians, 2 Academicians of International Eurasian Academy of Sciences, 496 with professor-level titles and 670 with associate professor–level titles. Among them, 1521 are with phD degree and 1314 are with master degree.
There are 44 key laboratories or engineering laboratories at various levels in the Branch, including 4 national key laboratories (1 of them is of a cooperation project),2 national engineering laboratories (1 of them is of a cooperation project) , 4 nation-province joint engineering laboratories(1 of them is of a cooperation project), 14 CAS key laboratories, 2 provincial key laboratories, and 2 provincial engineering laboratories. Besides, the Branch hosts 2 CAS regional centers for large scale instruments, 6 national key field research stations, and 4 oceanographic investigation vessels. Moreover, 13 popular science education bases of various characteristics at above-province-ministry levels are managed by the Branch.
39 PhD training points, 52 master training points, 21 professional master training points, 8 post-doctoral study centers and 2 post-doctoral research workstations are distributed in the Branch. There were 2795 post-graduates studying here in 2017.
During the period 2006-2017, scientists in Guangzhou Branch won 1 first-class as well as 6 second-class National Natural Science Prizes, 5 second-class National S&T Advance Prizes, 2 second-class National Technology Invention Prizes, 38 first-class Provincial S&T Prizes and 7 National Excellent Patent Prizes.
A number of long-term and stable S&T cooperation agreements have been signed between the Branch and 30 local governments and S&T departments in Guangdong and Hainan Provinces, as well as in Guangxi Autonomous Region. Consequently, a number of industry innovation and culture centers have been setup in cities of Foshan, Guangzhou, Dongguan and Shenzhen, and other 8 technology transfer centers are distributed in eastern, western and northern areas in Guangdong Province. Since 2009, an Overall Strategy Cooperation Program between CAS and Guangdong Province has been being implemented. Then, a number pragmatic projects have been practiced in cooperation between 80 institutions from the CAS and over 2000 enterprises in Guangdong, resulting in accumulatively a newly increased production value of more than ￥260 billion，and newly increased profit and tax of over￥32 billion from those planned and practiced industrialization projects.